There’s so much I’d like to blog about right now. I’ve started playing Wizardry 8, and I’ve been playing a few mindless “progression quest” games (Diablo 3, and some iPhone endless running games) which I’m enjoying despite myself.
But I’m still thinking about Simon the Sorcerer 2 and the “point and click” style of games as made famous by Lucasarts.
What makes a good point-and-click? Most of them are mechanically identical, so why are some so much better than others?
The answer, I think, lies in three key points:
1. The player has to enjoy receiving information about the world.
2. The player has to be invested in the plot.
3. The player cannot be too frustrated by the puzzles (and ideally should be engaged by them).
These three points stem from the fact that a point-and-click is essentially a visual novel masquerading as a puzzle. So if you approach it purely from the puzzle perspective, you’ll wind up with a game that isn’t actually fun to play.
Bold claims – now back it up.
Mechanically speaking, a standard point and click works like this:
- The player is presented with a world in a static state.
- The player receives information about the world via dialogue, sound and visual cues and of course the “look” command (what I’ll call “Information” with a capital “I”).
- The player has a set number of ways they can interact with the world – let’s call them “Options”. By this I mean the standard commands such as “open door”, “close window” or “eat hamster”.
- The player uses the Information to choose Options. If they choose the correct Option, the world will move to a new static state. Then the above process repeats – with a new world state, new Information and new Options.
When you look at this process, the importance of my three rules becomes pretty obvious. Looking at the three rules in turn:
Rule 1 – the player must enjoy receiving the Information
Most of the game is spent receiving Information. If it isn’t interesting, then 90% of the game won’t be interesting. Worse, the player won’t pay attention to or will skip the Information required to solve the puzzles.
I saw this with one particularly savage review of Deponia (https://www.gog.com/game/deponia), a game I personally liked but was slammed for having obtuse puzzles. In reality the puzzles weren’t hard at all, there were a lot of hints if you used the “look” command. But that particular reviewer also hated hearing the main character talk – so I’m guessing he clicked “look” on as few things as humanly possible. So he missed the hints, and he hated the game.
Rule 2 – The Player has to be invested in the Plot
The drive for a point-and-click is “what happens next”. If the player doesn’t care, then they have no reason to WANT to solve their current puzzle. There are no “high scores” in P&C’s from the early 90s on – and there was never any phat loot a-la Borderlands. Your only reward for solving a puzzle is to see more of the story.
I think this was one of the issues with The Dig. The dialogue was incredibly cliched, which affected people buying into the story.
Compare that with, say Resident Evil 1, Devil May Cry or basically any action game you care to mention – the dialogue can be stupidly cliched but often it just doesn’t matter.
I’d say it was a bigger problem with Monkey Island 4. I stalled on that game for years not because it was tough, but because I just didn’t care what happened next.
Rule 3 – The player cannot be too frustrated by the puzzles (and ideally should be engaged by them)
I think this is the most obvious rule for a P&C but also the most misleading. Because, and this is controversial, the puzzles in a point-and-click are the means to an end, not the end itself.
The puzzles serve to make the player engaged in the game world. The player pays close attention not only to everything the characters say, but to minutiae you’d ignore in a film (such as book titles and even colour palates), because the player knows they’ll probably need it.
The puzzles serve the story – not the other way around. This is why, when you ask people what they remember about (say) Monkey Island, they invariably say “it was funny”. That is not the mechanics of the game – that is the game world and story. They remember that Guybrush Threepwood wanted to be a pirate, they probably don’t remember how they got the natives to hand over the banana picker.
With most games, people will remember a game’s mechanics in detail for years, but swiftly forget all detail about the plot. It’s the exact inverse with a Point & Click. There is a reason.
Of course, sometimes people remember mechanics for the wrong reasons.